Monday, 17 December 2012

Animation Blog



Techniques and Development of stop-motion animation. 

Animation has been around for a long time and started with the very basic stop motion animation. Stop motion animation was the first type of animation where a lot of different pictures of objects or people would be played one after another to create an illusion of the framed pictures moving together and making a film. The framed pictures are played at the rate of 24 frames per second and the lowest can be played at 12.5 seconds per frame. The human eye sees the images in a fluid motion.

 Zoetrope (180 AD: 1834)

In 180AD Ting Huan from china invented a spinning wheel that was hung above a lamp and called it Chao hua chich kuan. In the wheel would be a painted images on the panels and when spun at the correct speed would show a an animation. The modern Zoetrope was invented in 1833 by a British mathematician William George Horner and called it the daedalum. The daedaum failed to become popular until the 1860's. The American developer William F. Lincoln named his toy the Zoetrope meaning the wheel of life.

A Zoetrope works by looking through the slits with one eye closed and spinning it at steady speed which creates the illusion of each picture moving together.

Flip book (1868)

The first flip book was patented in 1868 by John Barnes Linnett. A flip book is just a book with springy pages that have an animated series of images printed near the unbound edge. A viewer bends the pages back and then rapidly releases them one at a time so that each image viewed springs out of view to reveal the next image just before it does the same.

Stop motion animation has a history in film, it was used to show objects moving. the first stop motion technique can be credited to Albert E. Smith and J. Stuart Blackton for The Humpty Dumpty Circus (1897). The Humpty Dumpty Circus is a toy circus of acrobats where the animals come to life.

In 1902 the film Fun in a Bakery Shop directed by Edwin S Porter used the trick technique in the 'lightning sculpting" sequence. The set is in a bakery and a man in a bakers hat and costume enters and begins kneading dough at the rat covering it completely and he then goes over to the dough and begins to pummel it with his hands. His back is to the camera which doent give the viewer the chance to see what hes manipulating the dough but he then steps away and there is now a sculpted mask. He sculpts another mask and two other men also dressed as bakers come in  to see what hes doing.

The trip to the moon ( Le Voyage dans la lune) in 1902 Georges Melies used true stop motion motion to produce moving title-card letters for one of his short films below but never took advantage of the process for any other films. The film was written and directed by Georges assisted by his brother. The film runs 14minutes if projected at 16 frames per second which was the standard frame rate at the time the film was produced. It was extremely popular at the time o its release and is the best known of the hundreds of fantasy films made by Melies. A trip to the moon is the first known science fiction film and uses animation and special effects.

Humorous Phases of Funny Faces is a silent cartoon directed by James Stuart Blackton released in 1906. The short film is generally regarded by film historians as the first animated film.

The cartoon uses stop motion as well as stick puppetry to produce a series of effects and it features a cartoonist drawing faces of people on a chalkboard and the people move from one pose to another. It features movement as where a dog jumps through a hoop, a scene which actually uses cutout animation made to look like chalk outlines.

Willis O'brien was an Irish American motion picture special effects and stop-animation pioneer who was responsible for some of the best -known images in cinema history and is best remembered for his work on The Lost World (1925) King Kong (1933) and Mighty Joe Young (1949)

The film tells of a gigantic island dwelling ape creature called Kong who dies in an attempt to possess a beautiful young woman. Kong is distinguished for its stop-motion animation. The film has been released to video, DVD and Blu-ray disc and has been computer colorized . In 1991 the film was deemed "culturally historically and significant by the library of congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry. It has been remade two times once in 1976 and again in 2005

Closed Mondays is an eight minuet animated film using animated, three-dimensional clay figures created by Will Vinton and Bob Gardiner in 1974 it was produced by Lighthouse Productions released by pyramid Films in the USA and won the academy award for the best animated short film.

The film open with the words "Closed Mondays" written in white and against a black background filling the screen. Using a pull back shot the camera then shows the viewer that the words are part of the sign.

































Monday, 26 November 2012

stop-animation


 

Techniques and Development of stop-motion animation. 


Stop motion animation has a history in film, it was used to show objects moving. the first stop motion technique can be credited to Albert E. Smith and J. Stuart Blackton for The Humpty Dumpty Circus (1897). The Humpty Dumpty Circus is a toy circus of acrobats where the animals come to life.